Paris Global Climate Change Summit
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Representatives from over 195 countries will attend the World Climate Summit in Paris held the first two weeks of December with a view to reaching a global deal on climate change. The main objective is to agree a deal that steps the global process of decarbonization, the plan is based on ensuring that the planet’s temperature does not exceed 2 degrees by the end of the century, otherwise it would be an alarming and dangerous red light for humanity, and if so they will discuss measures to assist in adapting to the impacts of climate change occur even when this limit is not exceeded. The initiative involves all countries and enter into force in 2020 and last until 2050.
About 170 countries responsible for 95% of carbon emissions.
According to a report by the International Energy Agency (IEA) commitments require an investment of 13, 5 billion, but the effect of these contributions will mean a temperature rise of 2.7 degrees by the end of the century, according to the UN. The dynamics work well; countries will create a mechanism for upward review your goals every five years, so that over time will be more ambitious and to achieve the 2 degrees limit before the end of the century.
What is the purpose beyond commitments?
Send a strong message to the markets of the global political commitment to a low carbon economy, create sustainable green alternatives to mark the beginning of the profile of fossil fuels. This objective will materialize to touch global emissions ceiling, further reduction will be made in 2050 and the end of the emissions will be in 2100.
The favorable economic climate factor.
200 multinationals have asked countries to put a price on carbon; the 10 largest oil companies have created a coalition to form part of the solution; They catered renewable 9.3% of world energy demand in 2014 and its price has cheapened considerably in the last decade (80% in the case of solar panels).
Climate refugees, UN new term.
It represents the phenomenon of climate change will impact severely on the most vulnerable communities; and beyond it means that humanity is failing in the fight to mitigate the consequences of climate change: global warming, increase sea levels, changes in ecosystems, ocean acidification, water stress, food insecurity, risks to human health associated with floods and droughts. In some parts of the world, there will be room for life, which requires managing a massive transfer of the population at risk; it is estimated that some countries will disappear. Paris did not delve into this subject which speaks of the challenge to combat the effects of climate change is still open and with many needs to meet.
Is there agreement?
The Copenhagen summit awoke, like Paris, high expectations and ended in discussion being rich and poor countries over whose responsibilities correspond roughly to the problem. The countries committed to cop21 (21 conferences of the parties) should be ratified between 2015 and 2020, assuming there is agreement. The challenge of this ambitious vision is to transform from a mere declaration of intentions to measurable actions, however funding to mitigate and adapt to climate change in the most vulnerable countries is one of the points of disagreement in the negotiations.